- About India
- Getting around
- About Goa
- What to do /Where to eat/ Nightlife/ Family fun
- Transport in Goa
- Weather during October
India is a country steeped in history. The country is highly diverse in terms of culture, languages, cuisine and climate. It is famous for its religious diversity, with Hinduism, Islam, Christianity, Sikhism and Jainism among the nation’s major religions. Hindi is the most spoken language and is the official language of the Government. English is also extensively used in business, administration and education. Each state and union territory has one or more official languages. The climate in India is characterized by alternating seasons and is determined by the position of the mountain ranges and direction of the rain-bearing winds. The climate ranges from temperate in the Himalayas to tropical in the south. This makes it a hotspot of biodiversity ranging from tropical rainforests of Andaman Islands, Western Ghats and North-East India, coniferous forests of Himalayas, moist deciduous sal forests of eastern India to dry deciduous teak forests of central and southern India. The country is witnessing tremendous academic and industrial growth and the economy of the country is advancing rapidly. India is a major tourist attraction and the hospitality of Indians is legendary.
India is extremely well connected by rail network with reasonable prices. It is possible to travel from one side of the country to the other in 2-3 nights/days. Travelling by train is far better than buses for long distance or over-night trips and is one of the joys of India. The railway network is operated by government owned Indian Railways.
Booking for the same can be done through https://irctc.co.in/
India also has a large network of buses which ply the roads from city to city, and state to state. Bus travel can be attractive on short journeys as services are more frequent than trains, and it’s much easier to book and catch a bus than a train.
Flying remains the quickest and easiest way of travelling through India. Competition amongst low cost airlines has made the cost of travel a lot cheaper.
The State of Goa in India is a major centre for education, economy and tourism. Variously known as “Pearl of the Orient” and a “Tourist Paradise”, Goa is located on the western coast of India in the coastal belt known as Konkan. Goa is sandwiched between the tall Western Ghat mountain ranges on the East and Arabian sea towards the west. With wonderful beaches, evergreen surroundings and pleasant atmosphere, Goa is one of the most sought after tourist destinations in the world. The host city Panaji, with a population of approximately 100,000 in the metropolitan area, lies on the beautiful banks of the Mandovi river estuary. Historically, Goa was ruled by the Portuguese for over 400 years and the local culture and cuisine is a pleasant mixture of the west and the east. Houses with balconies and red-tiled roofs, churches and a riverside promenade and houses built in colonial style provide a Portuguese ambience, even today. The climate is mild with temperatures generally ranging from 20 to 32oC. Goa receives heavy monsoon rains from June-August while clear weather and plenty of sunshine prevails for rest of the year. With dense evergreen deciduous forests, streams and waterfalls, interspersed throughout the state and its surroundings, Goa is a paradise for mycologists and, of course, a grand venue for an international conference such as that of Asian Mycology Congress.
Goa offers a great scope for trekking, water-sports, a wide range of cuisine, delightful shopping, enjoyable sandy beaches. The landscape of Goa is dotted with heritage houses, villas, mansions that are a reminder of the Portuguese era. One can get their glimpse at Houses of Goa Museum. Old Portuguese quarto (Fontainhas) is a heritage quarter of Panjim city with colourful houses holding old-world charm with nice European feel. Dudhsagar waterfalls, wildlife sanctuaries, Dr. Salim Ali bird sanctuary, forts, temples, churches, museums, Big Foot, Dona Paula, Carpe Diem are various attractions and must watch places.
Goa International Airport, more commonly known as Dabolim Airport, is the only airport in the state and operates as a civil enclave in a military airbase named INS Hansa. It is 4 km from the nearest city Vasco da Gama, 23 km from the South Goa district headquarters of Margao, and 30 km from the capital city Panjim.
One can reach Goa by air, trains as well as bus. Vasco-da-Gama, Madgaon are two major stations in South Goa and Thivim and Karmali are in the North Goa. Once you are in Goa, public buses are the cheapest way to get around the city. Tickets are sold by the conductor on board the bus itself. Motorbikes are available on rent for tourists that can help you reach all the remote beaches and other sites at your leisure. Taxis are also very common in Goa and fairly cheap way to get around. Motorcycle taxis (locally called pilots) and autorickshaws provide a cheaper alternative to traditional taxis.
October is the beginning of tourist season in Goa after the end of the monsoon which lasts from June to September. It is hot and sunny but better than the unbearable heat experienced during the summer. The average daily temperature for this month in Goa is 27°C which can reach 31°C or drop to 24°C. There is an average of 8 hours of sunshine each day in Goa. The average temperature of the sea during this month is 29°C. Post-monsoon showers are rare.